Regulation and prolongation of the postharvest life of Campomanesia lineatifolia R. & P. fruits through the interaction of ethylene, 1-methylcyclopropene and low temperatures

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Helber Enrique Balaguera Lopez http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3133-0355

Abstract

Champa (Campomanesia lineatifolia) is a berry with a pleasant taste and very perishability. The objective of this work was to study the regulation and prolongation of the postharvest life of champa fruits by the use of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) and refrigeration. To achieve this, two experiments were carried out: In experiment 1, four treatments were evaluated to understand the regulation of maturation. These were: control, 1-MCP, ethylene and 1-MCP + ethylene. The fruits were stored at room temperature. In experiment 2, the combination of the application or not of 1-MCP and two storage temperatures (room temperature [16±2°C] as well as 2±0.4°C) was carried out. In the two experiments, four repetitions were used, each one with approximately 500 g of fruits harvested stage 2 of maturity (25% yellow and 75% green respectively). The results of experiment 1 indicated that the fruits with 1-MCP presented the longest postharvest duration (17 days), firmness, and titratable acidity. They also showed the lowest respiratory rate and weight loss during the 10 days in which the fruits from all the treatments were kept. However, the fruits treated with ethylene had the opposite behavior, thus indicating that the changes evaluated during ripening are associated with this hormone. In experiment 2, the fruits refrigerated at 2°C with or without the application of 1-MCP had the longest postharvest duration, lasting for 26 days, compared to 12 days that the control fruits lasted (without refrigeration and with 1-MCP). The fruits with a longer duration showed a low respiratory rate during storage, as well as lower values of weight loss, color index, greater firmness, and acidity. It was also found that 1-MCP is efficient when the fruits are at room temperature.

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