Writing the Abstract in Biology: A Review

La escritura del resumen en biología: Una revisión bibliográfica

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Benjamín Cárcamo Morales


Due to its key role in the diffusion of knowledge in the academy, the abstract
has been studied regarding aspects such as its lexical-grammatical performance and
rhetorical organization. However, the ordering of these findings has not been made
from the disciplinary view of biology. The objective of this study is to contribute with
information regarding the writing of the abstract in the discipline of biology; in particular,
regarding the rhetorical organization of the discursive genre, the author’s positioning
and the coherence relations. For this purpose, an articulation of the results of several
empirical studies is presented. As a result of this bibliographic review, a synthesis of the
characteristics of this genre in biology is presented, among which the mandatory moves
of “method” and “product”, its frequent writing in the first-person plural and the use
of subordinated clauses to express author ́s subjective evaluations. It is hoped that this
synthesis will be a didactic contribution to disciplinary literacy



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