Attitudes towards Spoken and Written Spanish Language of the United States

Actitudes hacia el español hablado y escrito de los Estados Unidos

Main Article Content

Antonio Medina-Rivera


In this paper we analyze attitudes towards spoken and written Spanish Language
of the United States. The study is based on a questionnaire submitted to native Spanish
speakers from different countries of the Hispanic world through an online collection
instrument called Survey Monkey. A total of 110 Spanish speakers from Spain, Colombia,
Peru, Argentina, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guatemala, México and Chile participated. The results
show both the knowledge and attitudes that these speakers have about Spanish language
in the United States, as well as some signs of vitalization and development of Spanish in
that country. 




Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

References (SEE)

Albarran, A. B. & Hutton, B. (2009). A History of Spanish Language Radio in the United
States. Denton, TX: Center for Spanish Language Media. (2009). Judgmental Sampling. Retrieved from

Faingold, E. (2012). Official English in the Constitutions and Statutes of the Fifty States in the United States. Language Problems and Language Planning, 36(2), 136-148.

Finegan, E. & Biber, D. (1994). Register and Social Dialect Variation: An Integrated
Approach. In D. Biber & E. Finegan (Eds.), Sociolinguistic Perspectives on
Register (pp. 315-347). Oxford, England, New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Holmes, J. (2013). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics (4th ed.), London, England:

Latin Music Wire. (2011). El número de estaciones de radio en los Estados Unidos. Recuperado de

Mayor-Marsán, M. (2008). Editoriales que se dedican a la publicación de libros en
español en los Estados Unidos. En Enciclopedia del español de EE.UU. (Centro
Virtual Cervantes). Madrid, España: Instituto Cervantes.

Medina-Rivera, A. (2014). Actitudes lingüísticas entre hablantes nativos hacia las variedades de español en el área metropolitana de Cleveland. Revista Internacional de Lingüística Aplicada, 12(1), 61-76.

Population Reference Bureau (2015). World Population Data Sheet 2015. Retrieved from

Porcel, J. (2012). Language Maintenance and Language Shift among US Latinos. In M. Díaz-Campos (Ed.), The Handbook of Hispanic Sociolinguistics (pp. 623-645). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Salter, C. A. & Teger, A. I. (1975). Change in Attitudes toward other Nations as a Function of the Type of International Contact. Sociometry, 38(2), 213-22.

Smith, W. (2008). Does Gender Influence Online Survey Participation?: A Record-Linkage Analysis of University Faculty Online Survey Response Behavior. Retrieved from

United States Census Bureau (2016, June 23). Only County in Nation With Majority of Population Age 65 or Older. Retrieved from

Zentella, A. C. (2007). “Dime con quién hablas, y te diré quién eres”: Linguistic (in)security and Latina/o unity. In J. Flores & R. Rosaldo (Eds). The Blackwell Companion to Latino Studies (pp. 25-39). Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Citado por: