Re-alimentación: Comprensión de estrategias y su impacto en contextos de aprendizaje y enseñanza del Inglés como lengua extranjera

Feedback: understanding strategies and impact on EFL learning and teaching contexts

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David Felipe Espinosa Torres
Iván Camilo González Bejarano
Juliana Moreno Restrepo


La re-alimentación es una herramienta poderosa que tiene una influencia significativa en el éxito de los estudiantes. Esta influencia en los procesos de aprendizaje y de enseñanza han sido apropiadamente documentados, sin embargo existen muy pocas investigaciones con referencia al impacto que tienen diferentes estrategias de retroalimentación en el aprendizaje de una lenguaje extranjera. Este artículo busca proporcionar una contribución teórica y práctica dirigida al entendimiento del impacto que tiene la retroalimentación en los procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje de una lengua extranjera en un estudio de caso conducido en una institución privada en Bogotá, Colombia. La evidencia reunida demuestra que el uso de estas estrategias de retroalimentación y la manera en que se proveen influyen en su efectividad. Tres principales estrategias fueron observadas y analizadas: Retroalimentación correctiva, emocional y de desarrollo. Esta investigación concluye con una sugerencia que indica la necesidad de la enseñanza de retroalimentación como una política explicita en programas educativos que forman maestros en el país.

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