The Teacher as Guide and Warrior: Metaphors about the Teaching Profession

El profesor como guía y guerrero: metáforas sobre la profesión docente

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Abstract

In the context of various reforms to the Chilean educational system and the demonstrations that it has provoked, the objective of this investigation is to analyse the metaphorical concepts about the figure of the teacher. In the study we used a qualitative approach and a phenomenological design. 168 Chilean English Teaching students who were in the final years of their undergraduate degree answered an eliciting metaphor questionnaire. The analysis of the metaphorical expressions obtained from the questionnaire was carried out through semantic content analysis. From this analysis, three major categories were defined: metaphors focused on the teacher, metaphors focused on the students and metaphors focused on the teacher’s social recognition. The results show that, even though the subjects are aware of the difficulties of their practice, they have a positive impression of the teaching practice. In parallel, the prevailing idea was that of the teacher as a medium for the learning of his or her students.

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Author Biographies (SEE)

Paola Alarcón Hernández, Universidad de Concepción

Doctora en Lingüística. Profesora Asociada, Departamento de Español, Facultad de Humanidades y Arte, Universidad de Concepción, Chile.

Víctor Vásquez Bustos, Universidad de Concepción

Profesor de español. Magíster en Lingüística Aplicada, Universidad de Concepción, Chile.

Claudio Díaz Larenas, Universidad de Concepción

Doctor en Educación. Profesor Titular, Departamento de Currículum e Instrucción, Facultad de Educación, Universidad de Concepción, Chile

Carolina Venegas Carrasco

Magíster en Investigación Social y Desarrollo. Profesora Asistente, Departamento de Salud Pública Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Concepción, Chile. 

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