Nominal Regular Polysemy by Metaphor

Polisemia regular por metáfora

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Marina Berri

Abstract

This paper intends to analyze cases of possible nominal regular polysemy by metaphor. The analysis of these cases involves a review of the classical definition of regular polysemy proposed by Apresjan and developed primarily for metonymic extensions. From the advanced search in Diccionario del español de América y España (Dictionary of the Spanish of America and Spain) of possible cases of regular polysemy that respond to person and sensation hyperonymes, metaphorical and metonymic extensions are studied and the semantic dimensions in which the senses can diverge are analized. It is hypothesized that for there to be regular polysemy by metaphor, the senses of a group of lexical items must differ in paralell, which implies agreeing on three variables: a) the directionality of the polysemy, b) the non-descriptive meaning and c) the aspect on which similarity is based. It is concluded that there are three classes of regular polysemy by metaphor, although groups that exhibit an intermediate status are also detected.

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Author Biography (SEE)

Marina Berri, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Últimas publicaciones:

-Berri, M., & Bregant, L. (2015). Identificación de metonimias y metáforas: cuestiones metodológicas. Lenguaje43(2), 219-245.

- Berri, M. (2013). Neología semántica nominal y metáfora. Variedades del español de la Argentina: estudios textuales y de semántica léxica, 131-150.

- Berri, M. (2013). Léxico Generativo y aplicaciones lexicograficas: Los nombres concretos del dominio de la medicina en el DRAE. Revista signos,46(82), 190-212.

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