Valenzuela And Zea. Creole Scientifics in the American Independence

Valenzuela y Zea: Científicos Criollos en la Independencia Americana

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Diana Elvira Soto Arango

Abstract

The purpose of this research is related to the creoles Zea and Valenzuela during the role of changes and participation that they presented in the period of American independence. These two new granadian creoles were joined in their scientific training and professional location, Jose Celestino Mutis and they took up the branch of the  Royal Botanic Expedition of New Granada (1783).The method focused on the social history of science and the used methodology was sustained in the compared history sustained in indicators of analysis as:formation, professional trajectory, political participation and analysis of the excellent speeches that they pronounced in the process of the independence. The sources were located in files of Spain, Colombia and Venezuela. To conclude, the political life of these two botanits is joined together in a political speech with the enlightened thinking of promoting a change in the education and the industry development
and trade where the useful sciences to the study of the natural resources of their homeland marked the course of the new design for the imaginary Nation of the creole elite of new Granade.

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Author Biography (SEE)

Diana Elvira Soto Arango, UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGÓGICA Y TECNOLÓGICA DE COLOMBIA -UPTC-

Profesora titular de la Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia. Doctorado en Filosofía y Ciencias de la Educación de la UNED, España, Postdoctorado del CSIC. Organizó en 1996 el Doctorado en Ciencias de la Educación de RUDECOLOMBIA y fue su primera Directora. Organizó en 1992 la Sociedad de Historia de la Educación atinoamericana y es la Directora de los grupos de investigación Historia y Prospectiva de la Universidad Latinoamericana (HISULA), categoría A de Colciencias, y la Ilustración en América Colonial (ILAC), categoría A1 de Colciencias. Actualmente es integrante de la Sala de Educación CONACES

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